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Tuesday, July 14, 2020 | History

3 edition of Technology transfer, productivity, and economic policy found in the catalog.

Technology transfer, productivity, and economic policy

Technology transfer, productivity, and economic policy

  • 286 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Norton in New York .
Written in English

    Places:
  • United States,
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Industrial productivity -- United States.,
    • Technology transfer -- Economic aspects -- United States.,
    • Technical assistance, American -- Costs.,
    • Research, Industrial -- United States -- Costs.,
    • United States -- Foreign economic relations.,
    • United States -- Economic policy.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references and index.

      StatementEdwin Mansfield ... [et al.].
      ContributionsMansfield, Edwin.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHC110.I52 T4 1982
      The Physical Object
      Paginationx, 243 p. ;
      Number of Pages243
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4272646M
      ISBN 100393952223
      LC Control Number81018877

        The importance of technology transfer for the competitive advantage of companies and the economic success of nations cannot be overstated. Technology is a determining element for firms and nations to increase productivity, to compete, and to by: 2. technology transfer for adaptation displays different character-istics than mitigation-focused technology transfer and is worthy of additional study. A particular challenge for technology adoption for adap-tation is how to balance the pace of adoption necessitated by the urgency of climate change (IPCC, ) and the risk aver-File Size: 1MB.

      Foreign subsidiaries of multinational companies are suggested as one of the main channels of technology transfer to less developed economies. In Central East Europe their presence proved to be a decisive factor to economic restructuring and development. This volume is . How improvements in technology happen, and how they sustain growth in living standards. Economic models help explain the Industrial Revolution, and why it started in Britain. Wages, the cost of machinery, and other prices all matter when people make economic decisions. In a capitalist economy, innovation creates temporary rewards for the.

      Science, technology and innovation activities are facing disruptive drivers of change. The OECD's STI Outlook reviews key policy trends across countries. The OECD Observatory of Public Sector Innovation (OPSI) provides a place for sharing, discussing and co-creating innovation solutions that work. How can we ensure that artificial intelligence.   Knowledge spillover, as a form of technology transfer from foreign direct investment (FDI), has frequently been investigated in the contexts of various countries. This study aims to examine whether the availability of labour working for foreign companies could trigger improved productivity of the companies’ domestic by: 4.


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Technology transfer, productivity, and economic policy Download PDF EPUB FB2

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

Provides a fresh perspective to the ongoing debate on the core themes of development economics. This book, in honour of Robert E. Evenson, brings together diverse, yet interrelated, areas of innovations such as agricultural development, technology and industry while assessing their combined roles in developing an economy.

Labor productivity in establishment i in industry j can thus be expressed as (1) Y ij L ij =f K ij L ij, Skill ij, Capacity Utilization ij, Scale ij, Foreign Ownership ij, Industry j, where Y, K and L are value added, capital stock (book value), and labor, respectively.

The skill level of the labor force is measured as the ratio of white and Cited by: The research underlying this volume was designed to test the theory of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) in contemporary context.

Developed by Nobel Prize-winning economist, Robert Solow, in the s, TFP has been applied by many economists to investigate the relationships among capital, labor, and economic performance.

In a globalizing world economy, the reason for differences in economic growth and inter-country income inequality is explained on the grounds of technological differences. The goal of science and technology is to enable enterprises and individuals to use technologies more efficiently, as this results in reduced costs and enhanced productivity Cited by: The Journal of Technology Transfer, the Official Journal of the Technology Transfer Society, provides an Technology transfer forum for the exchange of ideas that enhance and build an understanding of the practice of technology particular, it emphasizes research on management practices and strategies for technology transfer.

Moreover, the journal explores. Endogenous Growth, Productivity and Economic Policy: book, and which we call “Schumpeterian” or “innovation-based” theory, a theory that emphasizes the dis- into account the important force of technology transfer from one country to another.

In Howitt (), for example, I point out that technology. More rapid growth in productivity is essential for achieving the goals of U.S.

economic policy. The slowing of U.S. economic growth in the s can be attributed in large part to the decline in productivity growth. Productivity growth is an important. Technology is considered as a key factor for economic development.

Many authors in the field of technology management mention this impact on economic development as a motivator for their. Technological Change and Economic Growth Article (PDF Available) in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences July with 7, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

India witnessed manifold increase in the importance of these channels of technology transfer since its economic liberalization in the early nineties.

Using industry level secondary data on- productivity, import of capital and intermediate goods, FDI and Royalty and license fee, the present paper works out two econometric : Chandrima Sikdar, Kakali Mukhopadhyay. Get this from a library. Technology and industrial performance: technology diffusion, productivity, employment and skills, international competitiveness.

[Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.;]. The impact of the technological revolution on labour markets and income distribution and productivity gains from technology led to large ON LABOUR MARKETS AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION.

the seminal importance of being competitive in high technology industries for the nation's overall economic well being, including the productivity of manufacturing industries and the service sector; the end of an era of U.S.

dominance in high-technology sectors and Japan's rise as a formidable competitor (and in certain industries, the emerging. Project Methods To accomplish the objectives, we will use econometric identification to establish both correlation and causation between policy, firm attributes, and managerial decisions on subsequent firm productivity.

The approach is empirical and employs firm-level data on productivity and technology acquisition. When possible, the analysis exploits longitudinal. Downloadable (with restrictions). This paper explores the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and the productivity of host country domestic firms.

We rely on a specially designed survey of over manufacturing firms in Vietnam, and separate out productivity gains along the supply chain (obtained through direct transfers of knowledge/technology between. Productivity-improving technologies date back to antiquity, with rather slow progress until the late Middle Ages.

Important examples of early to medieval European technology include the water wheel, the horse collar, the spinning wheel, the three-field system (after the four-field system—see Crop rotation) and the blast furnace.

All of these technologies had been in use in. The Office of Science includes SBIR and STTR programs with the original intent to “increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal R&D, thereby increasing competition, productivity, and economic growth.” ((DARPA, “Small Business Innovation Research Program,” (accessed Decem ).)) A recent overview of the SBIR and STTR.

An examination of technology transfer in agricultural research collaborations Public-Private Collaboration in Agricultural Research: New Institutional Arrangements and Economic Implications examines the impact of the private-sector takeover of the field, and what it means for funding, research, technology, and more.

Beginning with U.S. agricultural research financing, the. The seminal work of Gerschenkron ( Gerschenkron, A. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

[Google Scholar]) stated that latecomers borrow advanced technology from their predecessors, resulting in convergence of productivity among onally, the diffusion of technology Cited by:. Downloadable! In recent decades, foreign direct investment (FDI) played an important role in achieving economic growth and development especially for developing countries.

FDI bring capital and introduced new technology. Moreover, the new technology can also spill over to the local firms in the host country. For this reason, FDI often considered as the most significant channel .economic growth will have to accelerate and productivity will need to rise.

Achieving this ambitious goal will necessarily involve, among other things, a more effective application of science, technology and innovation (STI) in the economy in order to drive productivity growth and diversification in production. To date, however, the role.Government Policy and Program Impacts on Technology Development, Transfer, and Commercialization: International Perspectives View larger image.

By: Kimball Marshall and William Piper. Sign Up Now! Already a Member? Log In You must be logged into UK education collection to access this title.